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Infants

Our infant vision examinations start in early infancy and continuing through the school years. Although young children may not be able to read an eye chart, specialized procedures have been developed that allow us to measure the clarity of sight of children at almost any age.

"The American Optometric Association guidelines recommend that all children have a complete vision and eye health examination at the age of 6 months, 3 years, upon entering kindergarten, and routine vision care (every 2                                                                             years) thereafter throughout their school years."(http://www.aoa.org)

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Eye Examinations for Infants, Toddlers and School-aged Children

A comprehensive eye examination will assess visual acuity, refractive status, ocular health, eye tracking, eye focusing, and eye teaming. Visual acuity measures how clearly a child sees objects. Refractive status measures for nearsightedness (myopia), farsightedness (hyperopia), and astigmatism. The child is evaluated for any eye health problems, including active pathology or congenital anomalies. Eye tracking is the ability of the eyes to fixate, smoothly follow and look between objects or printed words. Eye focusing is the ability to efficiently change and sustain focus while reading. Eye teaming is the ability to coordinate both eyes accurately and without fatigue or excessive effort. Accurate eye teaming is also important for accurate two-eyed depth perception or stereopsis. Early detection and management is recommended to prevent vision loss or eye disease and to provide appropriate vision development. To learn more about how the examination process differs for infant, preschool, and school-aged children visit the links.

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Children's Vision

Did you know that correctable visual impairment is the most common treatable chronic condition of childhood? It is never too early to have your child's eyes professionally examined, especially if you suspect a vision, learning or coordination problem. However, kids must have an eye exam before starting kindergarten.

By age six, certain physiological processes such as the brain's ability to process visual information accurately and efficiently are set for life. It is therefore critical to determine or uncover any eye muscle or focusing problem before this age, although it is never too late to take action.

A pediatric examination rules out pathology, evaluates for turned or misaligned eyes and assesses the need for eyeglasses or vision therapy.


Learning

Good vision is critical to learning, because more than 80 percent of learning is done visually. Yet studies indicate that more than 20 percent of kindergarten children have vision problems, and this number climbs to between 30 and 40 percent by the time these children reach high school graduation. Vision problems may keep many children from graduating from high school, as more than 70 percent of juvenile delinquents and 60 percent of adults in literacy programs have vision problems. (Section on learning courtesy of the Eye Care Council).
Good vision is critical to learning, because more than 80 percent of learning is done visually. Yet studies indicate that more than 20 percent of kindergarten children have vision problems, and this number climbs to between 30 and 40 percent by the time these children reach high school graduation. Vision problems may keep many children from graduating from high school, as more than 70 percent of juvenile delinquents and 60 percent of adults in literacy programs have vision problems. (Section on learning courtesy of the Eye Care Council).

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What Is Special about Children's Vision?

Vision in the broadest sense, is the global ability of the brain to extract, process and act on information presented to the eye. This complex process can be thought of as three major but related areas: visual acuity, which is largely dependent upon refractive status and eye health; visual efficiency skills, representing eye focusing, teaming, and tracking skills; and visual information processing, representing the ability to recognize and discriminate visual stimuli and to interpret them correctly based upon previous experience. Every examination, we provide for children, regardless of the childs age, has these thoughts in mind.

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Hand - Eye Coordination

As part of the visual examination we also assess vision development. Young children use vision to explore the world by identifying and directing movement. If a problem in vision is preventing adequate development of perception and eye-hand coordination skills then early intervention is vital.

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CONTACT INFORMATION

Arena Eyeworks

3750 Sports Arena Blvd, Suite 9
San Diego, CA 92110

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619-224-2879

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